Role of the U.S. Attorney General in Criminal Justice

The term “criminal justice” involves three main constituents of the criminal justice system, they are as follows: police, courts, corrections. The person dealing with all these components is the U.S. Attorney General , because the specifics of his work predestines certain relationship with police, attending courts and keeping an eye on the implementation of correctional measures. Trained attorney must have skills of psychology, sociology, political science and others as well as of law, because work with people demands broad knowledge of many aspects concerning our life. 

Speaking about criminal justice we mustn’t confuse it with criminology, which performs the study of crime as a social phenomena, motives of crime, criminal behavior, and other aspects of crime.

The main idea of creating justice is to make fair balance between the rights of victims and the rights of accused persons, and determine how these individual rights are connected with one another and public control. Commonly disputes are conducted as to idea that victim's and defendant's rights have opposite relation, and individual rights of citizens, as a whole, are regarded to be inversely related to social control. Thus there are several fundamental theories considering basic principles of criminal justice system and its relation to individual rights and social control. 

We’d rather begin with restorative justice. This approach assumes that the victims or their legatees or neighbors can be in some way restored to a condition they were in before the criminal incident. The theory grounds on traditions of civil law and tort law that requires all who commit a crime to be punished. But due to this principle attorney would seek light penalty for an accused person that is for alternatives to imprisonment that would keep the criminal active in the community.

Another theory enlightens principles of retributive justice. It may be also called an "eye for an eye" approach. Due to it offender must be treated in a way he acted in relation to the victim. This method obviously finds controversial opinions.

In some cases method of psychiatric imprisonment is applied. It is used when seeking penalty for a crime that does not appear to have animal emotion or human economic motivations, and no pure benefit to the offender. Thus an accused individual can not be released into society.

The approach of transformative justice assumes that there is no ground comparison between the lives of victims and offenders before and after the incident happened. It disapproves of such comparisons and measurements, and points out the trust of the society in each its member.

There are also models of criminal justice systems.

The Consensus Model disapproves that the institutions of a criminal justice system should cooperate. 

The Conflict Model considers that the organizations of a criminal justice system should be rivals and compete in their activities.