Death Penalty: The Official Position of the U.S. Attorney General and Opposition of Other Attorneys

You might know that official statistics shows that about 75% of Americans support the death penalty as the punishment for capital crimes. The fact of capital punishment is rather contradictory itself, because it is forbidden by the U.S. Constitution, but it was legalized by the Supreme Court in 1976. This double nature and other inhumane features gave the start to many opponents, including attorneys from the American Bar Association (the ABA), who demand a temporary end to capital punishment. During recent years anti-death penalty attorneys have been making efforts to change the people’s opinion and show that the death penalty is not deterrence for potential criminals, and it has no economical or moral advantages. 

But today the opponents have to fight against one more obstacle: a series of investigations conducted by the official Department of Justice under the leadership of the U.S. Attorney General. In spite of the fact that they seem strange, the results of the investigation show that the death penalty really deters potential criminals and prevent murders. The information is very questionable, because the other studies demonstrated that the murder rates in countries where there is a ban for the death penalty has cut down, though in the United States the number of capital crimes has grown noticeably. Even the participant (also an attorney) of the researches admitted the results were surprising, but he should trust in the figures he found out himself. 

The investigation was also called inconclusive, its results are not believed globally. The group of the death penalty opponents has achieved some success. For example, it gained the moratorium to use lethal injection in Illinois, because it caused pain. From the other hand, the results of the studies make that work useless and doubtful. 

Here are the main conclusions of the investigation:

1) The death penalty really deters potential criminals.
2) The established moratorium in Illinois led to 150 murders afterwards.
3) If time on appeals and the death row was shortened, number of murders would decrease.

People who argue the results of the studies propose their own reasons. They say that a lot of significant mistakes were made. They also doubt about the methods their opponents have used. The fact that investigators used figures which showed the whole number of homicides also seems incorrect. That is because not all of the convicted were sentenced to death penalty for the crimes.

Anti-death penalty supporters also say that very few executions were taken into account to make so serious conclusions.

So, you see, this burning question goes on to be disputable and much-spoken-about.